KarteTipTop Hotel -Restaurant Burgblick
Familie Jochen Eder

Ringstr. 6
D-66871 Thallichtenberg bei Kusel
Tel. +49 6381 92770
Email: info@hotel-burgblick.de



Geoscope of the primeval world
Geoskop Burg Lichtenberg Hotel Burgblick

Shark in the geoscope on the LichtenbergThe GEOSKOP at Lichtenberg Castle

A museum on the geological history of the North Palatinate highlands

"If you want to measure the tightness of your home, travel. If you want to measure the tightness of your time, study history" (Kurt Tucholsky, 1926)

The dimensions of historical time vary in duration depending on the point of view and the topic. While the cultural history of humans spans a still fairly manageable period of a few thousand years, the things with the 4 million year evolutionary history of humans are already much more complicated. However, our imaginations get completely out of joint when we penetrate the dimensions of geological times. Our earth is an unimaginable 4.5 billion years old (4,500,000,000!). Geologists have learned to understand this time with their large inter-temporary events and to manage them, so to speak, in drawers. In order to make geological time understandable, it is helpful to use a manageable scale.

If you compare 4.5 billion years of geological history with a distance of 100 meters, where we are today on the finish line, then geological history begins 8 cm before the goal, opening of the Urweltmuseum at the castle 12 years ago 0.002 mm before the Mark the destination.

While the history of the formation of the GEOSKOP on this scale has been microscopically small, one could also say that it is meaningless, the geological history that is shown in this museum begins about 290 million years ago, i.e. about 6.4 m before the destination Permian. The Permian is, so to speak, the last drawer of the ancient world. The time inventory of around 50 million years of earth's history is housed in it. In Germany, the Permian is divided into two parts, an older Rotliegend and a younger Zechstein section. It is a time of tremendous geological changes.

Geoskop-Burg Lichtenberg Hotel BurgblickFirst and unique in the history of the earth, plate tectonic processes unite almost all land masses to form a single supercontinent called Pangäa. While the south of Pangea, consisting of the primary continent Gondwana (with Africa, Australia, South America, India and Antarctica) is largely covered by snow and ice, northern Laurussia with Ureuropa, America / Canada, Greenland, Russia and partly Asia is largely under tropical climate influence. After plate tectonic processes at the equator level closed an ocean between Laurussia and Gondwana, the collision of the two continent plates created a new mountain range on Pangea, the so-called Variscan Mountains. The Rhenish Slate Mountains were also part of this mountain range.Hai im Geoskop auf der Lichtenberg

290 million years ago, at the beginning of the Permian Rotliegend period, the history of the later Palatinate highlands began in a southern edge depression of the Rhenish Massif. The edge depression, also referred to geologically as the Saar-Nahe depression, was crossed by numerous rivers and lakes. Life was lively on land and water. In addition to all sorts of strange fish that are foreign to us today, large freshwater sharks and crocodile-like amphibians were also found in the waters.

A lush vegetation had spread out in the swampy lowlands. Large dragonflies and small mayflies buzzed in the horsetail and fern forests. Millipedes with a body length of almost 2 meters and cockroaches crawled over the forest floors and the first reptiles as forerunners of the later dinosaurs left their footprints on the damp and muddy floors.

While life in the depression initially developed without major events, a dramatic change is taking place globally. The still restless supercontinent Pangea drifts further north, driven by inner forces. These movements are accompanied in many places by large earthquakes and violent volcanic eruptions. The Saar-Nahe valley is now increasingly affected by the upheavals. With the entire continent, the landscape of the original Palatinate gradually migrates to northern latitudes.

The originally tropical, humid climate gradually turns into a dry, warm desert climate, with dramatic consequences for the flora and fauna. The extensive lake and river landscapes of the S-N-S are gradually drying out. The plants that were formerly lush in humid locations are losing more and more habitat.

Burg Geoskop Hotel Burgblick Plants, first conifers (coniferous plants) are now taking their place, which are better able to cope with the new climatic conditions.

The animal world is also changing. Gradually, reptiles dominate the dry habitats, while the fish and amphibians hardly find any place to live. Many species and genera are becoming extinct worldwide.

Burg Geoskop Hotel BurgblickToday it is clear that geologists have known for a long time that the greatest mass extinction on Earth did not occur at the end of the Cretaceous period, but at the end of the Permian period. The S-N-S was not spared either. After about 30 million years, the former depression had largely filled with weathering debris from the Variscan Mountains at the end of the Unterrot lying period. The subsoil did not sink any further, on the contrary, renewed tectonic activities of the Variscan mountain formation bulge the former valley in the center to a ridge, on the north and south flanks of which two small subsinks were formed.

In many places, magma flows rose from the depths, partially breaking through the earth's surface and pouring out over the landscape as lava blankets. The history of the emergence of the North Palatinate highlands was written. The story is written down in the geoscope.

The flora and fauna of the Permian period is documented by many mostly exceptionally well-preserved fossil finds and excellent graphic and plastic reconstructions of animals, plants and habitats. The splendid mineral levels and ores from mining that dates back to the Middle Ages, both created in the course of Permian volcanism, are also on display in the modern museum building. A wide range of mineralogical, geological and paleontological magazines is available for special in-house exhibitions. Numerous fossils from previous excavations are still waiting for preparation and exhibition. The taxidermist is happy to look over his shoulder at work.

Excellently trained tour guides can provide an even deeper insight into the geological past of the North Palatinate Highlands on request. The dimension of geological time loses so much of its horror, but not in awe. Language barriers should not arise, the group tours can also be offered in English, French and Russian.

Access to the museum, the two-storey exhibition rooms and the sanitary facilities are designed for the disabled.

teestation 4
Unsere Teeauswahl
beim Frühstücksbüffet
von Teekanne 
und Pickwick




BAERta beim renovierenBÄRta beim Renovieren.    Wir gestalten unseren Zimmerflur in den neuen Hausfarben, hell und freundlich. LED Technik mit Bewegungsmeldern und einer neuen Eingangstür.

segwaymusikantenlandSegway Tour

Eine Fahrt mit dem Sagway als Höhepunkt
bei einem Aufenthalt im Hotel Burgblick.
Gerne vermitteln wir Ihnen eine geführte Tour
mit den Wolf`s aus Lohnweiler.

Indoor Constuction Wold Herschweiler PettersheimIndoor Constuction Wold
Herchw.- Pettersheim     Bietet euch hier auf ca. 400 m2 Grundfläche einen Indoor Parcours  Baumaschinenmodelle im Maßstab 1:13 - 1:16
bei und im Hotel
Mehr Infos......
Fruehstuecksbueffet BurgblickFrühstück im Hotel für Jedermann(frau) aus der Umgebung! Gerne können Singles, Paare mit Freunden oder Gruppen sich unser reichhaltiges "Best Breakfast" Frühstücksbüffet gönnen. Zum Preis von 11,00 Euro inl. Kaffee oder Tee. Nur mit vorheriger Reservierung.

We use cookies on our website. Some of them are essential for the operation of the site, while others help us to improve this site and the user experience (tracking cookies). You can decide for yourself whether you want to allow cookies or not. Please note that if you reject them, you may not be able to use all the functionalities of the site.